Registration certificate PI № FS 77-21756 dated 30 august 2005

 2012, Vol. 8,  № 3                                                                Theoretical journal

 Founded in 2005                                                   .           Gets out four times per year

  

C O N T E N T S

 

SOIL TECHNOLOGY DESIGN USING NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC BIOPOLYMERS *

N.B. Sadovnikova, A.V. Smagin

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The problem of establishing and operating structures of soil for planting in urban areas, land reclamation and cultivation of herbal products using the biopolymer materials of natural and synthetic origins is investigated. The materials of technological design of soil structures using the HYDRUS computer environment for simulation of soil by heat in physical systems are presented. sound of  Technological methods of  introduction biopolymer materials into the soil with the location at certain depths, which guarante an increase in moisture content, soil protection against salinization and pollution of water-soluble pollutants are scientifically grounded.Testing of structures in some foreign countries the Persian Gulf and Moscow confirmed their high efficiency with the possibility of increasing the productivity of plants in the 1.5 to 2 times with an adequate water savingand protection of the root zone of the water-soluble salts in natural or man-made salinization (contamination) and deficiency of precipitation.

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AGROPHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF TYPICAL CHERNOZEM AND THE ROLE OF COMPLEX COMPOST TO IMPROVE THEM

 D.A. Slavgorodskaya

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A method to improve agrophysical properties of typical chernozem, which consists in adding to the topsoil organic-mineral compost is proposed. Compost includes wastes of animal husbandry and chemical industry.

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THE VALUE OF THE COMPLEX COMPOST IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOIL BIOTA

 Yu.Yu. Nikiforenko

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Summarizes the results of the research on assessing the impact of the complex organic compost, contributed to the main crops, on the composition of soil biota.

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CONTENT OF ORGANIC MATTER IN TYPICAL CHERNOZEM SOIL AND THE ROLE OF COMPOST COMPLEX IN ITS MAINTENANCE

 O.A. Melnik

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The influence of organic-mineral compost on based manure cattle and phosphogypsum on the content organic matter of typical chernozem soil and maintenance of its reserves, and the relationship between the level of organic matter and content of physical clay in the soil are discussed. The lower limit of optimal content of organic matter on depends on the granulometric composition when making complex compost in the soil is determined.

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TECHNOLOGY OF USE WASTES OF INDUSTRIAL AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION FOR LAND RECLAMATION AGRICULTURAL LANDS

 V.N. Gukalov

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The results of studies on the use of complex compost on based manure cattle and phosphogypsum for reclamation agricultural land are presented; the positive influence of compost on the agro-physical and agro-chemical properties of soil, on crop yield and quality of their products are noted.

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EFFECT OF ORGANIC COMPOST ON DEVELOPMENT AND PRODUCTIVITY OF MAIZE PLANTS

 V.V. Gukalov

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The influence of organic-compost on chemical and physical properties of soil, as well as development and biological productivity of maize are considered; a beneficial effect of compost on plant development of maize is showed.

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FEATURES OF THE ANATOMICAL STRUCTURE OF THE STEM OF WINTER WHEAT WHEN ADDING COMPOST COMPLEX

 L.F. Skripka

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The use of complex organic composts on the basis wastes of life and production leads to some peculiarities in the anatomical structure of stems, increasing capacity of the primary cortex and changing the number and size of the conductive elements of the central cylinder are noted.

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ON THE MECHANISMS OF DEVELOPMENT OF COMPLEX COMPOST

 I. S. Belyuchenko

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Complex compost, which comprise a mixture of organic, mineral and organic-mineral wastes of industrial, agricultural, domestic and natural origin, is able to improves the physical, chemical and biological properties of the upper soil layer, allow to adjust the status of the soil as a habitat, economical use of macro-and micronutrients and soil organic matter, reduce the level of mobile HM, increase soil moisture and aeration, ensure the development of ecological-trophic groups of microorganisms for create a fertile substrates.

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