NORTH CAUCASUS ECOLOGICAL HERALD

Registration certificate PI № FS 77-21756 dated 30 august 2005

 2014, Vol. 10,  № 4                                                               Theoretical journal

 Founded in 2005                                                   .           Gets out four times per year

  C O N T E N T S

 

PORE SPACE STRUCTURE of BLACK FUSED CISCAUCASIAN SOILS

 Smagin Andrey Valentinovich

doctor of biological science, professor, Lononosov Moscow State University, (Russia), 119992, Moscow, GSP-2, Leninskye gory, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 Bystritskaya Tatiana L’vovna

PHD,Head labs IPFS ASUSSR (Pushchino), 1991 – retired (Russia);

 Sadovnikova Nadezhda Borisovna

PHD, research associate,  Lononosov Moscow State University, (Russia) 119992, Moscow, GSP-2, Leninskye gory;

 BystritskayaNadezhdaPetrovna

Soil Sci Dept. Graduate Lononosov Moscow St. University, staff member FARUS (Ukraine).

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Fusion  is a common process, resulting in adverse physical and technological properties of black soils. Until now, there is no single point of view on the genesis of this phenomenon, although a priori clear that it is based on the physico-chemical mechanisms of interaction between solid particles and soil moisture in the cycles of swelling and shrinkage. The paper quantitatively considers regularities of dynamics of main categories of the pore space, depending on the moisture content of the various genetic horizons of fused Ciscaucasian chernozem (Belorechensk) compared with the unfused ordinary chernozem. The research uses the original structure diagram of the pore space as the specific volumes of the various categories of pores function of soil moisture. They are based on experimental data on the texture porosity of aggregates depending on the moisture content obtained by the original method of saturation of individual aggregates of the nonpolar liquid (toluene) with hot steam humidification. To assess the fusion degree the original approach and criteria system of P.N. Berezin (Lomonosov MSU) is applied. On the background of relatively small changes in the profile, revealed significant differences between the values of pore volume in the fusion and unfused chernozems, and primarily in their texture (aggregate) porosity, which decreases under the fusion influence more than doubled. In turn, this causes adverse technological properties of fused chernozems, their blocky fragmentation during drying and large cracks formation complicating mechanical treatment such soils and agriculture in general. 

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OPPORTUNITIES AND CONDITIONS FOR SAFE USE OF ORGANIC WASTES OF ANIMALS IN THE MINI-ZOO

IN GREEN BUILDING


Titova Vera Ivanovna

doctor of agricultural sciences, professor, head. of the department of agricultural chemistry and agroecology, director of information and innovation centre to promote rural areas, Nizhny Novgorod State Agricultural Academy, Russia, 603107, Nizhny Novgorod, Gagarin ave., 97 NGSKHA, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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The article is devoted to the disposal of animal manure and litter birds kept in the mini-zoo, as organic fertilizer in the organization of flower beds and lawns on the territory of the preventorium of one of the industrial enterprises of the Nizhniy Novgorod region. Technology for the safe use of organic waste includes soil stability assessing to anthropogenic impact on the basis of physicochemical and agrochemical properties; analysis of the waste fertilizing value using its acidity, the content of dry matter and biogenic elements in some kinds of organic fertilizers; the calculation of the waste amount, assessment of storage conditions and preparation of waste for use; define the maximum single dose of fertilizer application that takes into account environmental restrictions on the flow of nitrogen in the soil and the environment.

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ECOLOGICAL ESTIMATION OF WATER QUALITY ON HYDROCHEMICAL INDEXES IN ZHAPOROZHIAN RESERVOIR

 

Fedonenko Elena Viktorovna

doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor, Dnipropetrovsk National University Oles Gonchar, 49050, Ukraine, Dnepropetrovsk, Gagarin Avenue, 72, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 Ananieva Tamila Vladimirovna

candidate of Biological Sciences, docent, Dnipropetrovsk National University Oles Gonchar, 49050, Ukraine, Dnepropetrovsk, Gagarin Avenue, 72, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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On the basis of analysis of seasonal dynamics of the most important hydrochemical indexes, which satisfied to the renewal possibilities of water ekosystem, the considerable exceeding of permissible norms was found out on the phosphate contents and values of permanganic oxidation in water of the Zaporozhian Reservoir near industrial center of Dnepropetrovsk. Concentrations of nitrogenic components were found at the permissible level with account of their natural seasonal variations. On the whole, the ecological estimation of water quality in the Zaporozhian Reservoir on basic hydrochemical indexes allows to deliver it to the III class, 5 category (moderately contaminated water). 

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ACTIVITY OF ANTIOXIDANT ENZYMES OF MAIZE PLANTS GROWING UNDER THE HERBICIDE TREATMENT

 Rossikhina-Galycha Anna Sergeevna

junior Research Fellow Institute of Biology, Dnepropetrovsk National University Oles Gonchar, Gagarin ave., 72, 49010, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine, 0937096642, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 Likholat Yuriy Vasilevich

doctor of biological sciences Professor, Dnipropetrovsk National University Oles Gonchar, Gagarin ave., 72, 49010, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine, 0677614005, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 Vynnychenka Alexander Nikolayevich

doctor of biological sciences Professor, Dnipropetrovsk National University Oles Gonchar, Gagarin ave., 72, 49010, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine, 0681771523, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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The results of studies to determine the effect of soil herbicides (Harnes, Frontier, Merlin) on the activity of superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidase in the vegetative organs of maize hybrid frame 267MV is shown. Adaptation of the test plants to growth increasing the activity of antioxidant enzymes is found.

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RANGING OF THE TERRITORY OF THE AREA OF FALLING (AF 226) OF THE FIRST STAGE OF ROCKET-CARRIER IS "ZENITH" ON THE LEVELS OF ECOLOGICAL STABILITY

Stepanova Elena.Juriyevna

Leading research worker, Republican State Enterprise «Scientific Research Centre «Garysh-Ecology», Kazakhstan, 050000, Almaty, str. Nauryzbai  batyra, 108, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 Bissariyeva Sharipa Saparbekovna

Candidate of Biological Sciences, associate professor, chief of department of the ecological programs of the Republican State Enterprise «Scientific Research Centre «Garysh-Ecology», Kazakhstan, 050000, Almaty, str. Nauryzbai  batyra, 108, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 Zhubat Kuanysh Zhailaubayuly

Leading research worker, Ph.D in area of mathematics, Republican State Enterprise «Scientific Research Centre «Garysh-Ecology», Kazakhstan, 050000, Almaty, str. Nauryzbai  batyra, 108, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 Permenev Yurii Georgievich

Candidate of Chemical Sciences,Chief manager of the Department of projects of NFC  JSС «NAC «Kazatomprom», Kazakhstan, 010000, Astana, str. Kunaeva, 10, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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 In this work results of ranging of the territory of the area of falling (AF) 226 on the basis of the system of criteria of ecological stability (SCES) are presented. The conclusion is drawn on a satisfactory condition of natural system at which technogenic impact on environment doesn't exceed a permissible load. It is shown that the central part of AF 226 (38% of total area) is in a zone of intensive influence from the missile and space equipment. The greatest density of falling of fragments of the first step is "Zenith" the share of sites with the soils unstable to mechanical influence, with soil micro flora and the vegetation sensitive to influence of hydro carbonic rocket fuel and to ignitions.

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INFLUENCE OF COMPOUND COMPOST ON PROPERTIES OF CHERNOZEM ORDINARY AND YIELD OF WINTER WHEAT IN WESTERN CISCAUCASIA

 Antonenko Darya Alekseevna

assistant of the department of general biology and ecology, Kuban State Agrarian University, Russia, 350044, Krasnodar, Kalinina street, 13, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Beluchenko Ivan Stepanovich

Doctor of biological sciences, professor, Kuban State Agrarian University, Russia,350044, Krasnodar, str. Kalinina, 13, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Mel’nik Olga Aleksandrovna

candidate of biological sciences, associate professor of the department of general biology and ecology, Kuban State Agrarian University, Russia, 350044, Krasnodar, Kalinina street, 13

Nikiforenko Julia Yurievna

candidate of biological sciences, assistant of the department of general biology and ecology,  Kuban State Agrarian University, Russia, 350044, Krasnodar, Kalinina street, 13

Tkachenko Ludmila Nikolaevna

senior lecturer of the department of general biology and ecology, Kuban State Agrarian University, Russia, 350044, Krasnodar, Kalinina street, 13

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The results of five years of research on the influence of compound compost on agrophysical, chemical and biological parameters of the ordinary chernozem in the conditions of the Leningrad region of Krasnodar territory are presented in the article. At of compound compost were included manure of cattle, wastes of chemical industry – phosphogypsum and post-harvest residues various agricultural crops. Increased percentage of agronomically valuable aggregates and soil structuring coefficient in average on 7-9% compared to control marked when using of compound compost. Optimization of soil structure has contributed to improved of aqueous-air properties of ordinary chernozem, which was manifested in the reduction of soil density 0,11 g / cm3, increasing the field moisture by 6,5% and moisture capacity by 18.1%. Positive impact on the agrochemical characteristics of the top layer (0-20 cm) chernozem ordinary is revealed. The total number of micro-organisms and diversity taxonomic composition of mezofauna with the introduction of compound compost are increased. A significant increase in grain yield of winter wheat with application compound compost (increase was 6,0 kg / ha (9,8%) compared to the control) was observed in all the years of research.

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STABLE (RESISTANT) MICROFLORA IN SUBSTRATA WITH PHOSPHORUS CONTENT 0.1% BY MASS, AND ITS CULTIVATION IN ARTIFICIAL MEDIA

Mindubaev Anton Zufarovich

Candidate of chemical sciences, Senior Researcher, Federal State Institution of Science Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry A.E. Arbuzov KSC RAS, Russia, Republic of Tatarstan, 420088, Kazan, Arbuzov street , 8, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Ahossiyenagbe Serge Kojo

student, Department of Biochemistry, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Russia, Republic of Tatarstan, 420008, Kazan, Universitetskaya street, 18, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Alimova Farida Kashifovna

Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Biochemistry, FSAEI VPO Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Russia, Republic of Tatarstan, 420008, Kazan, Universitetskaya street,18, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Voloshin Alexander Dmitrievna

junior research fellow of the Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry A.E. Arbuzov KSC RAS, Russia, 420088, Kazan, st. Arbuzov d. 8, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Gorbacuk Elena Valerevna

graduate student of the Faculty of Chemical CFI, department of physical chemistry, Kazan (Volga) Federal University, Russia, 420008, Kazan, st. The Kremlin, 18,    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Kulik Natalia Vladimirovna

junior Research Fellow of the Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry A.E. Arbuzov KSC RAS, Russia, 420088, Kazan, st. Arbuzov d. 8,: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Minzanova Salima Tahiyatullovna

Candidate of technical sciences., Associate Professor, Senior Researcher, Federal State Institution of Science Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry A.E. Arbuzov KSC RAS, Russia, Republic of Tatarstan, 420088, Kazan, Arbuzov street, 8, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Mironova Lubov Gennad'evna

Research Engineer, Federal State Institution of Science Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry A.E. Arbuzov KSC RAS, Russia, Republic of Tatarstan, 420088, Kazan, Arbuzov street, 8, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Yahvarov Dmitry Grigorevich  

Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher, Federal State Institution of Science Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry A.E. Arbuzov KSC RAS, Russia, Republic of Tatarstan, 420088, Kazan, Arbuzov street, 8, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

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White phosphorus undergoes metabolic oxidation to water-soluble products – hypophosphite and phosphate, as is established by 31Р NMR method. Further metabolism of these compounds should result in harmless phosphate formation, what opens perspectives for practical application of this method. In our previous works we have for the first time obtained the cultures of microorganisms, developing resistance to white phosphorus. At that the attention was mainly paid to Р4 mass concentration 0.01%, since just at that concentration white phosphorus undergoes biodegradation. We have also observed microorganisms in substrata with even higher concentration of white phosphorus, however they have not been characterized. In the present work we isolated and characterized bacteria from wastewater with white phosphorus mass content 0.1%. Sulfate reducers, being pure anaerobics, were shown to be strongly suppressed by white phosphorus compared to less specialized microorganisms. Sulphatereducers, being strict anaerobes, are shown to be suppressed by white phosphorus stronger than less specialized microorganisms. Inoculation of stable bacteria on synthetic medium, containing white phosphorus as a unique source of phosphorus, has demonstrated the possibility of their growth in such conditions. Obviously, bacteria consume dissolved products of white phosphorus oxidation (phosphate, phosphate and hypophosphite) and thus shift chemical equilibrium towards its further oxidation. It noticeably accelerates the process of white phosphorus detoxification. The nature and contents of the white phosphorus oxidation products have been studied by 31Р NMR method. 

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INFLUENCE OF CONTAMINATION OF PRODUCTS OF ANIMAL ORIGIN BY EXOGENOUS HORMONES ON THE STATE OF PROTEOLYSIS PROCESSES IN RATS’ ORGANISM

 Lykholat TatianaYurevnay

graduate student , department of biophysics and biochemistry, Oles Gonchar’ Dnipropetrovsk National University, 72, Gagarin Ave., Dnipropetovsk 49010, Ukraine, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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The results of researches of proteolysis processes in the organs of different age rats exposed by exogenous estrogens are shown. It has been found that the phenomena in experience rats’ organism can result in braking of apoptosis as  one of basic mechanisms moving away the damaged cells from a population and to become the trigger mechanisms of development of the tumour. 

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THE FUNCTIONAL SUSTAINABILITY OF SOIL COVER AGROLANDSCAPES

 Beluchenko Ivan Stepanovich

Doctor of biological sciences, professor, Kuban State Agrarian University, 350044, Krasnodar, str. Kalinina, 13, E-mail: b This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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Functional sustainability of soil cover of agricultural landscapes determined by complex environmental factors that have an impact on their physical, chemical and biological properties. Major impact on the sustainability of soil cover provides of complicated compost, including organic waste and mineral origin. Wastes are different most diverse composition, complex information and quantitative and qualitative properties that related with each other and any change in one of them renders concomitant effect on the change in the other. Among the factors influencing the functional stability of soil cover in the rotation are complicated compost, the duration of the active influence of which 5-6 years, mixed crops of diverse cultures that are different ecological properties, and the creation of forest belts bordering the area of crop rotation. 

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