Registration certificate PI № FS 77-21756 dated 30 august 2005

 2013, Vol. 9,  № 2                                                                Theoretical journal

 Founded in 2005                                                   .           Gets out four times per year

  

C O N T E N T S

 

POSSIBILITY OF ANAEROBIC BIODEGRADATION OF WHITE PHOSPHORUS

 A.Z. Mindubaev*, A.D. Voloshina*, N.V. Kulik*, S.T. Minzanova*, L.G. Mironova*, D.G. Yahvarov*, F.K. Alimova**, S.C. Ahossiyenagbe**, A.C. Bolormaa**

*State Budgetary-Funded Institution of Science A.E. Arbuzov Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry of Kazan Scientific Center of Russian Academy of Sciences 

**Kazan (Volga region) federal university, Kazan

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Possibility of white phosphorus biodegradation under the action of waste water sludge (WWS) of waste-water treatment facilities is demonstrated for the first time. Microflora adaptation to the toxicant action is established to result in complete biodegradation and converting of white phosphorus to nontoxic products. White phosphorus is shown to suppress microorganisms growth not just after its introduction, but a few days or even weeks later. This means that intermediate products of biodegradation, being accumulated in substrata, have toxic action. Judging by the change in composition of escaping gaseous products, one can make a conclusion about more high stability of eubacteria to white phosphorus compared to that of methanogens. Aggregative state of white phosphorus and thermostating regime do not significantly affect the vital ability of microorganisms. It is demonstrated that white phosphorus degradation rate is directly proportional to activity of microflora metabolic processes, what is the evidence of just biological destruction. White phosphorus effect on the content of microbe metabolites consists in sharp increase of skatole and n-cresol compared to the control group. Microorganisms cultures are obtained, growing on substrata with white phosphorus content 0.01 and even 0.1%.

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UTILIZATION OF INDUSTRIAL WASTES IN THE NORTH OSSETIA

S.A. Bekuzarova, I.D. Alborov, G.P. Khubaeva, G.V. Lushchenko

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This article reflects the research of increase of legume seed yield by means of addition of molybdenum-containing waste of OAO “Pobedit”. Molybdenum- containing waste of the plant used in a mixture with clay depositsas a substrate for growing the seeds of legumes, as well as the cultivation of forage grasses of panic and payzy seedComplex of macro-and micronutrients of waste provides plants nutrition, increasing the seed yield by 60-70%. 

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ABOUT PREVENTION OF DAMAGE TO AN ENVIRONMENT  DUE TO RECYCLING THE USED OILS

 L.G. Knyazeva

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The ecological estimation of prevention of damage to an environment, received due to recycling the used motor oils is shown in the given work. It is offered to utilize oils by means of reception from them anticorrosive materials for anticorrosive protection of engineering against atmospheric corrosion.

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INFLUENCE OF COMPLEX COMPOST ON THE DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURAL CROPS AND THEIR PRODUCTIVITY

 O.A. Mel’nik

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The influence of the complex compost whose main components are the waste of industrial and agricultural production (cattle manure, phosphogypsum, crop residues) on the development of agricultural crops (winter wheat, grain maize and sugar beet), the yield and quality of their products in conditions of "Zavety Ilyicha" Leningrad district of Krasnodar region are presented.

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COMPOSITION OF SOIL MESOFAUNA IN CHERNOZEM ORDINARY BY INTRODACTION THE COMPLICATED COMPOST

 Y.Y. Nikiforenko

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The influence of a complex of compost from waste industry and agriculture on the composition of soil mesofauna in a vegetation and field experiences.

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IMPACT OF COMPLEX COMPOST ON THE STRUCTURE OF CHERNOZEM ORDINARY AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

 Slavgorodskaya D.A.

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The results of assessment of the impact of complex compost on some agrophysical properties of ordinary chernozem in steppe zone of the Krasnodar region are presented. Found a beneficial effect of compost produced from waste industry and agriculture on soil’s structure and its water stability.

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FEATURES OF DISTRIBUTION OF HEAVY METALS IN SOILS OF AGRICULTURAL LANDSCAPE (ON THE EXAMPLE OF STUDY THE AGROLANDSCAPE OF JSC “ZAVETY IL’ICHA” OF LENINGRADSKY DISTRICT OF THE KRASNODAR REGION)

 I.S. Belyuchenko, L.B. Popok, V.N. Gukalov, U.N. Pomazanova

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The local geochemical estimation of the maintenance of heavy metals in soils of agriculturallandscape is given, according to monitoring heavy metals in in soils of agriculturallandscape seasonal dynamics and feature of distribution of heavy metals on a structure of ground and to elements of a relief are analysed. 

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AGRICULTURAL WASTE AND THEIR USING IN THE CREATION OF COMPLEX COMPOST

 O.A. Mel’nik, V.V. Gukalov, N.V. Gashenko

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Materials research scientists from different scientific organizations for the study of waste, including their use in the creation of complex composts, in which special attention is given to waste agricultural production, are considered.

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INDUSTRIAL WASTE AND THEIR USE IN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION

J.J. Nikiforenko, G.А. Malaia

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The results of investigations on using of industrial wastes in agricultural production, presented at the III International Scientific Environmental Conference "Problems of reclamation of waste household, industrial and agricultural production" are generalized. This area included the series of questions about use and neutralization sewage sludge, wastes of sugar and alcohol production, wood processing industry. Great attention was paid to the methods of reclamation of quarries, forming waste heaps, creation of water-holding materials based on industrial waste, etc.

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INFLUENCE OF ORGANIC-MINERAL FERTILIZER ON BASED SEWAGE SLUDGE ON CROPS

 N.P. Berezhnaya, V.P. Berezhnaya

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The application of sewage sludge in agriculture as part of compost and granulated fertilizers improves soil fertility, yield and quality of crops. The questions of adapting the technology of decontamination and disposal of sewage sludge using different reagents. 

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INDUSTRIAL WASTE AND PROSPECTS OF THEIR USING

 N.N. Shvydkaya, L.N. Tkachenko

 

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The main part of reports of the section "Industrial wastes and prospects of their use" describes questions of application of various wastes in agro-industry and other sectors of the economy. Great attention is paid to the recultivation of technogenic landscapes in particular urban soils with using coarse waste phosphogypsum for road construction. Another direction - using of specific industrial wastes as a brown coal for making fertilizer accelerating biological reclamation dumps. Wastes production of vegetable oils for the production of anticorrosion equipment is promising; oil sludge for composite materials; cellulosic plant waste for biosorbents.

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EVALUATION OF BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS IN AGRIBUSINESS

 A.F. Kudinova, J.N. Pomazanova

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The problems of using of waste and their involvement in the processing, well as different examples of utilization of secondary resources are considered in the article. The problems of small steppes rivers and Kuban River in terms of use of silt for improve soil fertility are presented. The information on using complex compost as a soil’s ameliorator and examples of computer processing of the experimental data are illuminated.

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WAYS TO REDUCE THE WASTE VOLUME

 I.S. Belyuchenko, S.V. Zaicev

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The results of researches on influence of different wastes of life and production as part compost on the physical, chemical and biological properties of soil and on the development and productivity of winter wheat, corn, beets and other crops.

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ASSESSMENT OF MIXTURE OF SEWAGE SLUDGE WITH PHOSPHOGYPSUM AND SAWDUST

 K.M. Zhivihina

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Methods of composting sewage sludge village Orlenok subject to content of organic matter, total nitrogen, the ratio C: N, pH, dynamics of heavy metals are evaluated.

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