1. General Ecology
         1.1. Theoretical problems of Ecology
         1.2. General patterns of relationships between living organisms and the environment
         1.3. Mathematical modeling of natural and technogenic processes
         1.4. Preservation of sustainable functioning of urban, agro- and other types of landscapes and ecosystems
         1.5. Ecological education and formation of ecological thinking.

     2. Applied Ecology
         2.1. Environmental aspects of production processes (in industry, agriculture and other sectors)
         2.2. Development of energy-, resource-saving, cost-effective and waste-free technologies for production processes
         2.3. Ensuring environmental safety and sustainable development of ecosystems,
         2.4. Improving the quality of the environment
         2.5. Conservation, reproduction and rational use of natural resources
         2.6. Problems and ways of solving waste recycling and reclamation of disturbed lands
         2.7. Fundamentals of ecological (organic) farming: preservation and improvement of soil fertility through the formation and use of complex composts based on mineral and organic waste; the use of biological products; restoration and creation of forest belts; technologies for the creation and use of combined crops

      3. Monitoring of Ecological Systems
         3.1. Assessment and forecast of the state of ecosystems and biospheric processes
         3.2. Monitoring the ecological state of landscapes and their components: air, water, soil, biota
         3.3. Methods and means for assessing the state of the environment
         3.4. Biomonitoring
         3.5. Identification of the negative consequences of anthropogenic activities and prevention of the risks of natural and man-made disasters

     4. Biodiversity and Bioresources
         4.1. Exploring levels of biodiversity and means of its conservation
         4.2. Estimation and methods of population regulation
         4.3. Ecological adaptations of organisms to the environment
         4.4. Problems of introduction and transformation of natural biocenoses and landscapes, nature protection
         4.5. Conservation and reproduction of biodiversity, including biological resources
         4.6. Development of propagation techniques for ornamental plants and landscaping of settlements

     5. Ecological Situation in Rural Areas
         5.1. Greening in Agriculture
         5.2. Harmonization of natural and agricultural landscapes
         5.3. Management methods and means of managing agricultural production
         5.4. Zoning of rural areas
         5.5. Ecological problems of the functioning of agroecosystems, ways to increase their productivity
         5.6. Organization of monitoring, prevention and elimination of pollution of agricultural landscapes